Introduction to psychology university of toronto

Biblical Series I: Introduction to the Idea of God

He published over 250 articles and six books, including two on altruism and one on scientific excellence, and co-authored an introductory psychology textbook.[15] He was one of the signatories of the op-ed article «The Dominant Science on Intelligence.»[16][17][18][18][19][19

Early in his career, Rushton did research on altruism. He theorized on the existence of a heritable component in altruism and developed the genetic similarity theory, which is an extension of W. D. Hamilton’s kinship selection theory. He argues that individuals tend to be more altruistic toward individuals who are genetically similar to them even though they are not related, and less altruistic, and sometimes outwardly hostile, toward individuals who are less genetically similar. Rushton describes «ethnic conflict and rivalry» as «one of the great themes of historical and contemporary society,» and suggests that this may have its roots in the evolutionary impact on individuals of groups that «give preferential treatment to genetically similar others.» He states that «the composition of a gene pool [i.e., the total alternative gene pool of a human population] causally affects the likelihood that a particular ideology will be adopted.»

Meaning in Life and Wisdom | John Vervaeke – MWB Ep.2

Paola Sánchez-Bojórquez1, Jorge J. Caraveo-Anduaga2, Sofía Rivera-Aragón1, Carlos A. Rosas-Hernández1 and Eric García-López3 1National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico; 2National Institute of Psychiatry, Mexico; 3National Institute of Criminal Sciences, Mexico.

The study of psychopathy has been complex because of its repercussions in the context of legal psychology and forensic psychopathology, which makes it necessary to understand its manifestation and diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Self-Report Pychopathy Scale Short Form 4th (SRP:4-SF) in a sample of 300 persons deprived of their liberty in a penitentiary center. This instrument is the self-report version of the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R), considered one of the most important tests to assess psychopathy. The results obtained showed that the adapted version of the SRP:4-SF has acceptable validity and reliability indices to assess psychopathy in the prison population. Statistical proposals to analyze the factors of the SRP:4-SF and the cultural, contextual and theoretical differences in understanding the manifestation of psychopathy are discussed.

«beyond order» by jordan b. peterson – editorial planeta

It analyzes, from a historical-sociological model, the consolidation and professionalization of the History of Psychology within the framework of the disciplinary emergence of the History of Behavioral Sciences in the United States. From a historical methodological perspective, we first describe Edwin Boring’s historiographical model, rooted in experimentalism. It then describes the reviews of the field by Robert Watson and Robert Young around 1960. The most important professional and institutional advances in the field are synthesized, emphasizing the Summer Courses in the History of Psychology. The weighting of these formative advances reveals their centrality both for the professionalization of the field and for the incorporation of extra-disciplinary influences, coming from historiography, sociology and philosophy of science, especially in the social or sociological history of psychology. It is concluded that professionalization was largely driven by these instances and their protagonists.

Introduction to psychology university of toronto 2022

This theoretical essay makes a critical analysis of a metaphor (Brown & Stenner, 2009) for crises in psychology and social psychology, their objects of study and related philosophical anthropologies: Moby-Dick. By interpreting it symbolically as myth, we posit that the central issue for crises has been the concept of the unconscious. We thus reassess the history and social origins of the concept, focusing on Freudian psychoanalysis and its myth, «the Freudian legend»: how its notion of the subject, model of psychology, and concept of the unconscious have impacted (social) psychology, culminating in an analysis of the unconscious in social psychology today. We conclude by presenting a proposal: a distinct philosophical anthropology based on the rescue of a humanistic concept of the unconscious, and of the symbolic field, as a foundation for the social (culture) and the subject, and thus for a new social psychology that re-unites models from the natural and human sciences.

Allesch, Christian G. (2012). Hans Driesch and the problems of «normal psychology»: Rereading his Crisis in Psychology (1925). Stud Hist Philos Biol Biomed Sci, 43(2), 455-61.

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